About B.Sc in Biotechnology

Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) in Biotechnology is one of the most popular undergraduate programmes in India. The course is the intersection of two broad subjects- Biology and Technology. In simple parlance, Biotechnology is a field of applied biology that makes use of living organisms or biological systems to make technological advances and use them in various fields. It basically seeks to improve the quality of human life and the health of the planet. 

B.Sc in Biotechnology is a three-year undergraduate course divided into six semesters that provides detailed knowledge of the bi-molecular and cellular activities and be informed about the different technologies to study them. It includes a wide spectrum of subjects like genetics, molecular biology and chemistry. 

Candidates who are fascinated by biological sciences and have good problem-solving skills and are proficient with computers should definitely go for this programme. Biotechnology graduates invite a number of high-paying job opportunities across the country. The sector is ever-evolving and after completing the course, one can become a research scientist, Biotech analysts, specialists in their respective fields. 


What is the Admission Process for BSc BioTechnology?

The BSc Biotechnology Admission Process can vary as per the university rules and regulations. Some universities grant admission to students in BSc Biotechnology program based on merit. Some of the top-most Indian universities prefer conducting entrance exams to grant admission to qualified candidates. 

The admission procedures followed in the Indian universities for admission to BSc Biotechnology are given below.


Merit-based admission

In merit-based admission, the universities offering BSc Biotechnology program grant admission to students based on their marks obtained in the Class 12 exams. 


What is the Eligibility Criteria for Admission to BSc Biotechnology course? 

The minimum eligibility criteria for students who want to pursue an BSc Biotechnology program from Indian universities are given below:

  • Aspirants seeking admission to B.Sc Biotechnology are required to have passed Xth and XIIth with Physics, Biology, and Chemistry as core subjects, with min 50% overall (45% for SC/ST candidates), and 60% in each core subject. Both PCM & PCB candidates are eligible to apply.
  • The Entrance is usually on a University or College level. 


Is There Any Entrance Exam for Admission to BSc Biotechnology course? 

A large number of Indian universities conduct entrance exams for BSc Biotechnology admissions. The entrance exams conducted thus vary according to the respective universities. Some of the most sought-after entrance examinations are:

  • DUET: The Delhi University conducts Delhi University Entrance Test (DUET) for admissions to UG, PG, M.Phil, and PhD programs.

B.Sc in Biotechnology Syllabus

First Year

Biochemistry & Metabolism 

Mammalian Physiology

Cell Biology

Plant Physiology

English/EVS/MIL communication

English/EVS/MIL communication

General Elective 1

General Elective 2

Second Year


Molecular Biology

General Microbiology


C7 Chemistry

C10 Chemistry 

Skill Enhancement Course 1

Skill Enhancement Course 2

General Elective 1

General Elective 2

Third Year

Bioprocess Technology 

Bio Analytical Tools

Recombinant DNA Technology

Genomics and Proteomics

Discipline Centric Subject 1

Discipline Centric Subject 2

Discipline Centric Subject 3

Discipline Centric Subject 4

General Elective Subjects: 

  • Entrepreneurship Development
  • Bioethics and Biosafety
  • Biotechnology and Human Welfare
  • Developmental Biology 

Skill Enhancement Courses:

  • Molecular Diagnostics
  • Enzymology
  • Industrial Fermentations
  • Drug Designing
  • Basics of Forensic Science 

Discipline Centric Subjects:

  • Bioinformatics
  • Animal Biotechnology
  • Medical Microbiology
  • Plant Diversity I
  • Plant Diversity II
  • Animal Diversity I
  • Animal Diversity II
  • Plant Biotechnology
  • Environmental Biotechnology
  • Intellectual Property Rights
  • Microbial Physiology
  • Biostatistics
  • Ecology and Environment Management
  • Evolutionary Biology
  • Chemistry 3
  • Chemistry 

B.Sc in Biotechnology Career Options and Job Prospects

Biotechnology is the field that can never cease to evolve. This has resulted in an ever-increasing demand for B.Sc Biotechnology graduates and job opportunities for them abound across the country. One can easily find a preferred position in a number of sectors/industries like Drug and pharmaceutical research, Waste management, Chemicals, Energy, Food processing, Bio-processing industries, Animal Husbandry, Environment Conservation, Genetic, Engineering. Fresh graduates can expect a salary package ranging from Rs 2-5 LPA. However, the package keeps on increasing with the work experience of the candidate. B.Sc Biotechnology professionals can explore a wide range of career opportunities in both the private and government sectors: 

  • Research Interns- R&D Jobs
  • Safety Expert
  • Bioinformist
  • Clinical Research Jobs
  • Production Jobs in Pharma Industry
  • Scientific Writer
  • Biotech Specialist
  • QA/QC Jobs
  • Calibration Technician
  • Research Analyst
  • Scientific Assistant
  • Biostatistician
  • R&D Intern Jobs in Govt Labs
  • Academic Jobs in Colleges & Universities

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